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We aim to shift the focus of development economics from national income accounting to people-centered policies

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HDI (value)

The levels of human development have improved all over the world. Every developing region’s HDI value increased considerably between 1990 and 2015, although progress has been slowing since 2010. This reflects important advances not only in income, but also in health and education.

Between 1990 and 2015 the aggregate HDI value of the least developed countries increased 46 percent, and the aggregate HDI value for low human development countries increased 40 percent.

HDI (value)

People in rural areas are far more likely to be multidimensionally poor (29 percent versus 11 percent), though there is variation across regions. Nearly half of people in rural areas worldwide lack access to improved sanitation facilities, compared with a sixth of people in urban areas. And twice as many rural children as urban children are out of school.

At the same time, slumdwellers account for 48 percent of the urban population in developing countries and are deprived of many services and opportunities–the very benefits that many deprived people migrated from rural areas to obtain.

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